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Plan S will be delayed by a year | Nature Briefing

| 2019-06-04 阅读 15


Today we hear that Plan S has been delayed by a year, learn that a tailored treatment for ALS is poised to move ahead and ponder if “uncertainty is the science of the future”.

Academic libraries, publishers and researchers responded to a consultation on the open-access initiative known as Plan S.

(AB/NurPhoto via Getty)

Plan S delayed to let research community adapt

Plan S, a major push by some science agencies to make the research they fund open-access on publication, has been delayed by a year. Funders now don’t have to start implementing the initiative until 2021, to give researchers and publishers more time to adapt to the changes the bold plan requires. The funders, together called Coalition S, say they are also now prepared to give publishers more flexibility in how they transform paywalled or part-paywalled journals into fully open-access titles to become compliant with Plan S. They will also not necessarily place a cap on journals’ open-access publishing fees, as they’d previously stated.

Nature | Read this article atnature.com/latest-news

India reviews ‘no paper, no PhD’ rule

A committee of researchers in India has recommended scrapping a policy that requires PhD students to publish an academic paper before they can be awarded their doctorates. India is unusual in having a national publication policy for PhD students; in many other countries, institutions set their own requirements. Some scientists say the rule fuels poor-quality journals, but others think it is a good way to scrutinize students’ thesis results.

Nature | Read this article atnature.com/latest-news

Tailored ALS treatment poised to move ahead

A young woman with an aggressive, early-onset form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) 亚美手机网页注册that has already killed her twin sister is poised to receive a cutting-edge form of gene therapy. The treatment, which is yet to be approved for use, involves designing a molecule to bind to and disable mutated strands of genetic code in the woman’s cells to prevent them from producing a protein that causes the neurological damage underlying her ALS. The woman would become the second-ever person to try the approach. The first use, for a rare neurodegenerative condition called Batten disease, halted the progress of the condition.

Nature Medicine


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How a tech start-up aims to save biodiversity

After an unorthodox career in science that has included setting up a national park in an active war zone in Afghanistan, Alex Dehgan is betting his retirement on hacking the field of conservation. Borrowing a page from Silicon Valley, he has launched a non-profit technology start-up called Conservation X Labs. The first commercial product to be spun out of the start-up is slated for release by the end of the year: a cheap, hand-held portable DNA scanner to help spot illegal plant and animal products.

Nature | Read this article atnature.com/nature/articles?type=news-feature

The tangled history of an Alzheimer’s mutation

Researchers unexpectedly discovered a family with a mutation that causes early-onset Alzheimer’s disease in the same region of Colombia as another well-studied extended family with a totally different mutation that causes the same 乐橙app官方下载安装注册condition. Analysis revealed that one gene variant had its roots in Europe and the other in Africa. The discovery revealed the complex racial history of the area: European colonists and enslaved Africans brought new mutations to the genetically isolated Indigenous population, which was then almost wiped out, causing a genetic bottleneck that allowed rare mutations to become dominant.


Reference: Alzheimer"s & Dementia paper

Podcast: Cold fusion and hot fires

A league table of gender in science, the closure of the Sanger animal facility and why researchers are starting a forest fire are all discussed in a special extended news chat in this week’s Nature Podcast. Plus, remembering the controversial claim of the di918搏天堂下载安装注册 scovery of cold fusion, 30 years on.

Nature | Read this article atnature.com/nature/articles?type=nature-podcast


Of chaos, storms and forking paths

“The future is uncertain, but the science of uncertainty is the science of the future,” says mathematics writer Ian Stewart in his new book, Do Dice Play God?. Applied statistician Andrew Gelman enjoys the sweeping connections the book makes between the different “ages of uncertainty”, but argues that it relies too much on its assumption that mathematical models apply directly to real life.

Nature | Read this article atnature.com/books-culture


Barbara Kiser’s pick of the top five science books to read this week includes the world of addiction, zen cosmology and the impending aquacalypse.

Nature | Read this article atnature.com/books-culture

Infographic of the week


How start-up failure can breed success

Although disappointing, the failure of a scientific start-up need not be the end of the road. Nature explores why start-ups fail and gets advice from co-founders on how to learn mistakes and rise from the ashes.

Nature | Read morw66利来官网APP下载安装注册 e atnature.com/nature/articles?type=career-column

Peer-to-peer collaboration in graduate school

Three communication PhD students describe how they used peer-to-peer research — research undertaken without the direction of a faculty member — to support each other, increase their professional competence and boost productivity.

Nature | Read more atnature.com/nature/articles?type=career-column

Biotechnology outside the West

Western nations claim much of the attention when it comes to bio凯时ag娱乐APP下载安装注册technology, but scientists elsewhere are making substantial progress. Scientists working in Jamaica, Nepal, Thailand, Malaysia and South Africa explore the advantages of their locations — and how to overcome the challenges.

Nature | Read more atnature.com/nature/articles?type=career-column

Image of the week

This incredible fossil shows an entire school of fish, somehow caught together roughly 50 million years ago. The shoal of hundreds of now-extinct fish (Erismatopterus levatus) from the western United States reveals that they formed schools by combining sets of simple behavioural rules — just like modern fish do today.

“Our study highlights the possibility of exploring the social communication of extinct animals, which has been thought to leave no fossil record,” say the study authors, Nobuaki Mizumoto, Shinya Miyata and Stephen Pratt.

Nature | Read more atnature.com/nature/articles?type=research-highlight

Reference: Proceedings of the Royal Society B paper.

(N. Mizumoto et al./Proc. Royal Soc. B)

I’m a fan of the iNaturalist app, but I’ve never come close to snapping the first-ever photograph of a living Colombian weasel in my toilet. Something to aspire to! I also aspire to hearing your opinion on this newsletter, so please do get in touch at briefing@nature.com.

Flora Graham, senior editor, Nature Briefing

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